Patrick Marini

luglio 18, 2006

Central Park – 1873

Filed under: New York — π@3κ @ 10:08 am

Frederick Law Olmsted and Calvert Vaux, Landscape Architects;
Jacob Wrey Mould, Associate Architect

Central Park1982
America’s first major urban park in a Romantic setting was a break from the monotony of New York’s right-angled streets and a breakthrough in urban design. The Street Commissioners of 1807 stamped Manhattan with a pattern of right-angled streets and avenues, a plan that ignored the island’s natural topography and that they admitted left few vacant spaces for parks and squares. The commissioners believed, however, that with New York’s abundant waterfront, New Yorkers could receive ample fresh air and exercise. By the 1840s the city was experiencing its first heavy influx of immigrants, and its first serious overcrowding. The few parks that did exist were small and inadequate, and access to the waterfront in the built-up sections was already denied by commerce. Reformers began crying out for a great park to act as lungs for the city, and in 1858 a competition was held for the Central Park—central not to the population, most of whom lived south of Forty-second Street, but to the island itself.
The winning design was “The Greensward,” submitted by a writer, Frederick Law Olmsted, and an architect, Calvert Vaux. Theirs was the first major urban park design to break away from the classical plans of eighteenth-century gardens and initiate the Romantic tradition.
Central Park in 19821982


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